What is Research Design ? Why Research is Important ?

What is Research Design?


The research design is a methodical policy or in other words, an idea to carry out various tasks of study based on the research.

The principle of research design would be that it allows the researcher to walk in the right direction without having any deviation from the tasks such as to Improve My Business or Improve Your Business.

On top of everything, it is the main roadmap of running a business or study plan. The design of a study includes business defines in many ways such as descriptive, correlational, experimental, review, meta-analytic and sub-type, research problem, hypotheses, independent and dependent variables, experimental design, etc.



Nowadays, In order to find out a solution to a question, the research design is being created.


Why Research is Important?


  • 1. Potentially, It can outcome in the way we prefer including a helpful conclusion.
  • 2. It reduces inaccuracy and does not let to waste your time.
  • 3. Enables you to be more agile and reliable.
  • 4. Reduce wastage of energy.
  • 5. In addition, It decreases the uncertainty, confusion, and random practical chaos regarding any research issues.
  • 6. It is kind of a guide for researchers to dictate the right path.
  • 7. Helps to get rid of bias and marginal errors.
  • 8. Provides ideal dogma about the type of resources the researcher needed in terms of money, effort, time, and manpower.
  • 9. It sets boundaries & associates to prevent the blind search.
  • 10. Assures the result. An ideal research design helps you ensure that your procedures go with your research goals and that you are using an effective kind of analysis for your data.


You could have to write up a research design for a standalone assignment, to improve your website, or it might be part of a larger research proposal or other projects.

In every way, you should vigilantly consider which methods are most appropriate and feasible for answering your question. Before you start making a research design, you need to set a couple of things that are almost mandatory. However, if you do not make this efficiently, then you will have to get back and set this again.

That is why the first thing should be done at the first stage. Initially, Consider your goals and then approach. After that selection, the type of research design you are going to do is a staple. Identify the population and try to sample your methods. In Addition, Choose your data collection methods, then Plan your data collection procedures. After being done with that decide on your data analysis strategies which play a vital role in terms of this.

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Certainly, this site will help you out with this and if possible they will go beyond this. Potential problems and solutions- Differentiation can be made between state issues and cycle issues.

State issues intend to answer what the condition of a peculiarity is at a given time, while process issues manage the difference in peculiarities over the long haul.


Types of Research


The research can be categorized into the following types-


  • Basic Vs Applied:


Fundamental research is also known as pure research, theoretical research, or basic research. It belongs to the domain of fundamental, intellectual, natural problems and queries and hence is quite theoretical in nature and approach.

According to Pauline “gathering of knowledge for knowledge’s sake is termed pure or basic research” i.e studies conducted to achieve a fuller understanding of phenomena without considering how their findings will be applied belong to basic research. Its major preoccupation lies with designing the tools of analysis and with discovering universal laws and theories. It may be noted that the scope of the sphere of activity of basic research is extraordinarily wide.


  • Descriptive Vs. Analytical Research:


Descriptive research includes surveys and fact findings inquiries of a different kind. It provides description of the conditions / existing relationship / opinions held / process going on / effects evident / trend developing on the present cases / event with relation to the past. In other words, descriptive studies are the ones whose purpose is to describe accurately the characteristic of a group. The major purpose of descriptive research is a description of the state of affairs as it exists at present. The main characteristic of this method is that the researcher has no control over the variables.


  • Conceptual Vs. Empirical Research:


Conceptual research is related to some abstract ideas or theories. It is generally used by philosophers and thinkers to develop new concepts or to reinterpret existing ones.

Empirical research relies on experience or observation alone, often without due respect for system and theory. It is data-based research coming up with conclusions that are capable of being verified by observation or experiment.

  • Diagnostic Studies:


The diagnostic study is concerned with discovering and testing certain variables concerning their association or disassociation. It enquires into the basic nature and cause of an existing problem. In its broadest sense, the diagnosis corresponds to the fact-finding aspect of the clinical practice.

Diagnostic Studies apply to the instances like the solution of a specific problem by the discovery of the relevant variables, discovering or analyzing a specific problem.


  • Explanatory Research:


It structures and identifies new problems. Exploratory research is a type of research conducted because a problem has not been clearly defined. Exploratory research helps determine the best research design, data collection method, and selection of subjects. Given its fundamental nature, exploratory research often concludes that a perceived problem does not exist. The objective of explanatory research is the development of hypotheses rather than their testing.


  • Historical Research:


Historical research is that which utilizes historical sources like documents remains, etc. to study events or ideas of the past including the philosophy of the person and groups at any remote point of time.


  • Action Research:


Action research is a reflective process of progressive problem solving led by individuals working with others in teams or as part of a “community of practice” to improve the way they address issues and solve problems. Action research can also be undertaken by larger organizations or institutions, assisted or guided by professional researchers, to improve their strategies, practices, and knowledge of the environments within which they practice.


Instances of state issues are the degree of numerical abilities of sixteen-year-old kids, the PC abilities of the older, the downturn level of an individual, and so on Instances of interaction issues are the improvement of numerical abilities from adolescence to adulthood, the adjustment of PC abilities when individuals age, and how gloom side effects change during treatment.




Research Process :-



State issues are more straightforward to gauge than process issues. State issues simply require one estimation of the peculiarities of interest, while process issues generally require various estimations.


Research plans, for example, rehashed estimations and longitudinal investigations are expected to address process issues.


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